Trademarks are generally represented by 3 symbols
TM stands for trademark.
SM stands for service mark.
R stands for registered trademarks.
The R symbol indicates that this word, phrase or logo is a registered trademark for the product or service. It must only be used in the case of registered trademarks and by the owner or licensee. It also must only be used in the regions in which you possess a valid trademark registration.
It is important that a circled R trademark must not be used until it has received an official registration. That’s when you get the certificate of registration in the mail. If you use that circled R too early, again that can be a reason for your application to get refused by the government.
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